The Guide to Converting Your Site From HTTP to HTTPS
Since the recent years, Google is insisting its users shift from HTTP to HTTPS which is done by most of the users all over the globe. Well, online security is surely becoming a global concern where the hackers are coming up with some brilliant tools which can tear even the tightest security which is present on the online platform.
One of the most basic forms of online security is switching from an HTTP site to an HTTPS site, as simple as that. Of course, there is a list of reasons for doing such things and it will only tighten your security metrics.
If you are the one who is not aware of such technology or doesn’t know how to convert your existing HTTP site to an HTTPS one, this guide can be an absolute boon to you. Follow the steps to ensure a great security for your site and attain an efficiency ratio which is at the minimal extent.
Step 1: Buy an SSL Certificate
The very first thing which you can do in order to shift your site from HTTP to an HTTPS one is to buy an SSL certificate. Without getting much technical, an SSL certificate works as an encrypted secure link between the web browser and the browser window. In this world where everything is an open marketplace, you can get different SSL certificates whose cost can vary from each other.
There are different forms of SSL’s which are enlisted as follows:
Entry Level SSL’s
Extended Validation SSL’s.
SSL’s can take a period of about three to five before they are issued and will require some of your legal documents for the approval processing.
Step 2: Get an SSL Certificate Installation
Once you have bought an SSL certificate, you will need to approve it before you actually use it. There are different levels of verification process which you will have to see one by one.
For example: If you want a Domain SSL, you can get it instantly once the Domain owner verifies your email address.
All the above process is done by the domain issuer where the issuer sends an automated email to their determined email addresses such as the webmaster@The DomainName.
Step 3: Do a full backup of your website
Whenever you look to make some major changes on your website, it is absolutely essential to backup each and everything on your website. Hence, it is always essential to run a full backup of every detailed website file of yours.
If you are the one who is using a c-panel, it does contain a built-in cpanel backup feature which you can use and can easily configure.
Either way, doing backup can be beneficial for any website owner in any case.
Step 4: Change all your HTTP Links to HTTPS
Before you actually switch to HTTPS, you will need change all your internal links to your website. Although this thing is ignored by most website owners, this is a good practice to change every link of yours to an HTTPS one.
Now, How to do this will solely depend upon the size metrics of your website, If you have only a bunch of pages, it will certainly be just a manual process. However, if you have hundreds or even thousands of pages, you will have to use some automation tools for such operation.
Step 5: Check the Code Libraries
If you are looking to take this step, you will need to check the developer update of the software, refer to the generation of the HTTP pages and convert them to HTTPS ones.
Step 6: Update any other External Links that you Control
All the links which are pointing from your social media accounts straight to your site need to be updated. However, you will just need to update the ones which are under your sole control.
Anyways, you will be redirecting your whole HTTP site to the HTTPS one so there is no issue and you will just need to focus on the main ones.
Step 7: Creation of a 301 redirect
This might sound a lot more complicated but it is quite simple. 301 Redirect is a method with which you can redirect your traffic from one web page straight to another. Also, it is a sort of a permanent redirection which helps in the switching from HTPP to HTTPS in an effective manner.
Take this as an important point because if your website has hundreds or thousands of backlinks, they will be set to a point of the HTTP Pages. Setting up a 301 Redirect depends upon the quality of your web server. The most popular types of web servers include Apache and LiteSpeed.
Step 8 (Optional): Update SSL
If you are the one who is utilizing the Content Delivery Network such as CloudFare, you will also need to connect your SSL with such networks too. A CDN is often defined as a global network of distributed servers which stores and copies your web pages so that the pages appear to the person who is browsing on your website.
This offers several advantages where speed stands to be the topmost one. Also, the security metrics are also raised and you will not need to worry much about divergent cyber attacks whatsoever.
Step 9: Update any tools as well as the Transactional Emails
These days, much of the businesses use a whole list of additional tools such as automated page generators, email marketing, and landing-page generators.
As a website owner, you will need to prepare a list of such tools, visualize any web page which refers HTTP and converts it to HTTPS.
Step 10: Update Google Analytics and Search Console
Last but not the least, you will need to update every Google Account of yours. In case of Analytics, you will need to alter the default URL to HTTPS and in Search Console, you can add the new site with HTTPS.